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Jans LDAP Link#

The Jans LDAPLink synchronization service updates the Janssen User Store when authoritative data is managed in an external LDAP store.


The API is available as the Jans Link component of Jans Server. Upon installation you can select if you want to install this Service along with other Janssen Server components. Post installation, to add Jans-Link component, use the following:

python3 /opt/jans/jans-setup/ --install-jans-link`

Jans LDAP link gets installed as a service that can be managed using below commands.

To Satrt Jans-Link

systemctl start jans-link

To check status

systemctl status jans-link

To Stop Jans-Link

systemctl stop jans-link

Using Jans CLI#

Janssen Server CLI provides number of operations and metadata information about Jans LDAP link.

To see Jans-Link info using Jans CLI

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --info JansLinkConfiguration

To see Jans Link properties using below command.

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --operation-id get-jans-link-properties

To see basic schema of Jans-Link use below command

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --schema "Jans Link Plugin:AppConfiguration"

Output of above command will be similar to this:

  "inumConfig": {
    "configId": "local_inum",
    "bindDN": "cn=directory manager",
    "bindPassword": "+iChsQofo6Y=",
    "servers": [
    "maxConnections": 10,
    "useSSL": true,
    "baseDNs": [
    "useAnonymousBind": false,
    "enabled": true,
    "version": 0,
    "level": 0
  "targetConfig": {
    "maxConnections": 2,
    "useSSL": false,
    "useAnonymousBind": false,
    "enabled": false,
    "version": 0,
    "level": 0
  "ldapSearchSizeLimit": 1000,
  "keyAttributes": [
  "keyObjectClasses": [
  "sourceAttributes": [
  "updateMethod": "copy",
  "defaultInumServer": true,
  "keepExternalPerson": true,
  "useSearchLimit": false,
  "attributeMapping": [
      "source": "uid",
      "destination": "uid"
      "source": "cn",
      "destination": "cn"
      "source": "sn",
      "destination": "sn"
  "snapshotFolder": "/var/jans/link-snapshots",
  "snapshotMaxCount": 10,
  "baseDN": "o=jans",
  "personObjectClassTypes": [
  "personCustomObjectClass": "jansCustomPerson",
  "allowPersonModification": false,
  "supportedUserStatus": [
  "metricReporterInterval": 0,
  "metricReporterKeepDataDays": 0,
  "disableJdkLogger": true,
  "cleanServiceInterval": 0,
  "linkEnabled": false,
  "serverIpAddress": "",
  "lastUpdate": "2023-07-05T18:27:28",
  "lastUpdateCount": "0",
  "problemCount": "3",
  "useLocalCache": false

Using Jans TUI#

Janssen Server TUI provides ability configure Jans LDAP link component with a menu option as shown below:


Section below covers Jans LDAP link configuration in more details.

Configuration Using TUI#

In order to configre Jans LDAP Link, the administrator needs to know various values of the backend LDAP(or Active Directory). For example, host & port, bindDN, user information, password, Objectclasses, attributes which will be pulled, etc.

In addition, the administrator needs to know generic information about the Jans Server's LDAP. By default, the deployer can use localhost:1636, cn=directory manager, password chosen during installation, ou=people,o=site as server information, bindDN, bindDN password and baseDN respectively.

Let's move forward with the Jans-Link setup.


  • Enabled : Enable your Jans-link configuration.

  • Refresh Method: There have two refresh mode copy and VDS. If the organization has any kind of Active Directory/LDAP server, they are strongly recommended to use the Copy Method from the drop-down menu. Any organization with a database like mysql can use the VDS method. This option can be enabled via the drop-down menu in Refresh Method option.

  • Mapping : In the source attribute to destination attribute mapping field, you can enter the source attribute value on the left, and the destination attribute on the right. In other words, you can specify what the attribute is on the backend in the left field, and what it should be rendered as when it comes through the Jans Server in the right field.

  • Server IP address: Proviede your server IP address.

  • Polling Interval (minutes): This is the interval value for running the link mechanism in the Jans Server. It is recommended to be kept higher than 15 minutes.

  • Keep External Persons : Enable it during Jans-Link setup. This will allow your default user 'admin' to log into Jans Server after initial linking iteration. If you do not enable 'Keep External Person', your 'admin' user including all other test users will be gone after first linking iteration.

  • Snapshot Directory : Every cycle of Jans Server link cycle saves an overall snapshot and problem-list record on a specified location. This is where the Jans Server Administrator can specify the location. You can easily decide whether link synchronizes all users or not. Generally the rejected users are enclosed in the problem-list file.

  • Snapshot Count : This defines the total number of snapshots that are allowed to be saved in the hard drive of the VM. It is recommended to be kept to 10 snapshots.

  • Load Source Data withLimited Search

Customer Backend Key Attribute


  • Key Attributes : This is the unique key attribute of backend Active Directory/LDAP Server such as MikeAccountname for any Active Directory.

  • Key Object Classes : This contains the Object Classes of the backend Active Directory/LDAP which has permission to talk to Jans Server link such as person, organizationalPerson, user etc.

  • Source Attributes : This contains the list of attributes which will be pulled and read by the Jans Server.

  • Custom LDAP Filter : If there is any custom search required, this filtering mechanism can be used such as "sn=*" whereas the value of this field ensures that every user must contain an attribute named SN.

Source Backend LDAP Server


This section allows the Jans Server to connect to the backend Active Directory/LDAP server of the organization.

Add new Source LDAP Config

  • Name : Input source as the value

  • Bind DN : This contains the username to connect to the backend server. You need to use full DN here. As for example, cn=jans,dc=company,dc=org.

  • Bind Password : This is your server password.

  • Max Connections : This value defines the maximum number of connections that are allowed to read the backend Active Directory/LDAP server. It is recommended to keep the value of 2 or 3.

  • Server:Port : provide your server name and port number.

  • Base DNs : This contains the location of the Active Directory/LDAP tree from where the Jans Server shall read the user information.

  • Use SSL : Use this feature if the backend server allows SSL connectivity.

  • Enable : This check-box is used to save and push the changes. Do not use this unless the server administrator has entered all the required values.

Inum DB Server


This section of the application allows the server administrator to connect to the internal LDAP of the Jans Server. As Jans Server administrator, you do not need to insert anything here in this section as new Gluu Server versions automatically populates this for you (unlessyou try to manually configure it anyway).

Things To Remember#

The Jans Server supports two LDAP modes:

  • Authentication
  • Identity mapping

To synchronize user accounts from an external LDAP directory server, you can use the built-in Jans CLI or Jans TUI features for Service Link, which supports mapping identities from one or more source directory servers.

After configuring Jans Link, you should give it some time to run and populate the LDAP server. Here are some tips before you get started:

  • Make sure you are using LDAP authentication

  • Check the snapshots folder to see if files are being created.

  • Use the Jans TUI to browse users.

  • Use the command ldapsearch to check to see if results are starting to come in. The following command will search for the total number of users in the Jans LDAP:

/opt/opendj/bin/ldapsearch -h localhost -p 1636 -Z -X -D "cn=directory manager" -w <pass> -b "ou=people,o=DA....,o=jans" dn | grep "dn\:" | wc -l

Try to log in with one of these users. We assume that you have also set up your Jans Server to use the correct LDAP server for authentication.

Want to contribute?#

If you have content you'd like to contribute to this page in the meantime, you can get started with our Contribution guide.

Last update: 2024-02-06
Created: 2022-07-21