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Janssen CLI#

jans-cli module is a command line interface for configuring the Janssen Server. This module interacts with Janssen Server via RESTful configuration APIs that server exposes. jans-cli can be used to retrieve and update configuration of Janssen Server.


On The Janssen Server#

On a Janssen Server instance, the jans-cli will be already installed.

It can be invoked executing following command on Janssen Server.


Stand-alone Installation#

jans-cli can be installed on any other machine and then use it to configure remote server where Janssen Server is installed.

  • Follow these instructions and create a self-executable file
  • Run the file as shown in the example below to enter CLI mode. Here, supplying the argument --no-tui is necessary, otherwise it will switch to TUI mode.
    $ ./jans-cli-tui.pyz --no-tui --host --client-id 2000.562981df-1623-4136-b1d0-aaa277edc48c --client-secret KU6ydImJZK6S --operation-id get-acrs
    Please wait while retrieving data ...
    Access token was not found.
    Please visit verification url and authorize this device within 1800 secods
    Please press «Enter» when ready
      "defaultAcr": "simple_password_auth"

CLI Tool Configuration#

Janssen CLI tool stores its configuration under <install-path>/.config directory. Various settings for CLI tool can be found under this directory, for example logging levels.

This directory also contains SALT used by Janssen CLI tool.

CLI Authorization#

To run operations on Janssen Server, CLI client will need to be authenticated and authorized by the server. Since CLI has limited input capabilities, it uses Device Authorization Grant flow to get required permissions in form of an access token. After successfully receiving the token, CLI can run operations on the Janssen server while the token is valid. The steps below will summarize this process.

  1. Execution of CLI command will return the following message if a valid token is not found.
    Access token was not found.
    Please visit verification url <Janssen-server-device-code-url> and enter user code CGFZ-RTZR in 1800 seconds
    Please press <<Enter>> when ready
  2. Take <Janssen-server-device-code-url> from the message above and use any browser to access it from a different device
  3. User will be presented with a page where the user has to authenticate using id and password
  4. After successful user authentication, the next screen allows the user to enter the user code. Use the user code presented on command-line instruction in step 1 above.
  5. After successful code validation, the user is presented with OAuth permissions screen. This screen would list all the permissions requested by Jans CLI. The user can choose to Allow or Not Allow granting of these permissions.
  6. After allowing the grant of requested permissions, the user should come back to the command-line interface and hit <> as instructed. This will enable CLI to run operations on the corresponding Janssen server.

Getting Help#

CLI --help switch prints all options available from CLI to configure Janssen Server. Run command below

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --help
To see all options as below:
usage: [-h] [--host HOST] [--client-id CLIENT_ID]
                     [--client_secret CLIENT_SECRET] [--plugins PLUGINS] [-debug]
                     [--debug-log-file DEBUG_LOG_FILE]
                     [--operation-id OPERATION_ID] [--url-suffix URL_SUFFIX]
                     [--info {Attribute,CacheConfiguration,CacheConfigurationInMemory,CacheConfigurationMemcached,CacheConfigurationNativePersistence,CacheConfigurationRedis,ConfigurationFido2,ConfigurationJWKJSONWebKeyJWK,ConfigurationLogging,ConfigurationProperties,ConfigurationSMTP,CustomScripts,DatabaseCouchbaseConfiguration,DatabaseLDAPConfiguration,DefaultAuthenticationMethod,OAuthOpenIDConnectClients,OAuthScopes,OAuthUMAResources}]
                     [--op-mode {get,post,put,patch,delete}]
                     [--endpoint-args ENDPOINT_ARGS] [--schema SCHEMA]
                     [--username USERNAME] [--password PASSWORD] [-j J]
                     [--cert-file CERT_FILE] [--key-file KEY_FILE] [-noverify]
                     [--patch-add PATCH_ADD] [--patch-replace PATCH_REPLACE]
                     [--patch-remove PATCH_REMOVE] [--data DATA]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --host HOST           Hostname of server
  --client-id CLIENT_ID
                        Jans Config Api Client ID
  --client_secret CLIENT_SECRET
                        Jans Config Api Client ID secret
  --plugins PLUGINS     Available plugins separated by comma
  -debug                Run in debug mode
  --debug-log-file DEBUG_LOG_FILE
                        Log file name when run in debug mode
  --operation-id OPERATION_ID
                        Operation ID to be done
  --url-suffix URL_SUFFIX
                        Argument to be added api endpoint url. For example
  --info {Attribute,CacheConfiguration,CacheConfigurationInMemory,CacheConfigurationMemcached,CacheConfigurationNativePersistence,CacheConfigurationRedis,ConfigurationFido2,ConfigurationJWKJSONWebKeyJWK,ConfigurationLogging,ConfigurationProperties,ConfigurationSMTP,CustomScripts,DatabaseCouchbaseConfiguration,DatabaseLDAPConfiguration,DefaultAuthenticationMethod,OAuthOpenIDConnectClients,OAuthScopes,OAuthUMAResources}
                        Help for operation
  --op-mode {get,post,put,patch,delete}
                        Operation mode to be done
  --endpoint-args ENDPOINT_ARGS
                        Arguments to pass endpoint separated by comma. For
                        example limit:5,status:INACTIVE
  --schema SCHEMA       Get sample json schema
  --username USERNAME   Auth username
  --password PASSWORD   Auth password
  -j J                  Auth password file
  --cert-file CERT_FILE
                        Path to SSL Certificate file
  --key-file KEY_FILE   Path to SSL Key file
  -noverify             Ignore verifying the SSL certificate
  --patch-add PATCH_ADD
                        Colon delimited key:value pair for add patch
                        operation. For example loggingLevel:DEBUG
  --patch-replace PATCH_REPLACE
                        Colon delimited key:value pair for replace patch
                        operation. For example loggingLevel:DEBUG
  --patch-remove PATCH_REMOVE
                        Key for remove patch operation. For example
  --data DATA           Path to json data file
  --output-access-token Prints jwt access token and exits

CLI Command Structure#

CLI operations are structurally grouped by Operation Modes and within these modes, they are logically grouped together by tasks. Diagram below depicts this structure.

Operation Modes#

CLI offer three operation modes, JCA, SCIM and AUTH. JCA is the default mode. To use SCIM and AUTH modes, the CLI command specifies -scim or -auth switches. Use -h switch to get help on each mode.

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ -scim -h

The modes usually have different task(and hence operations).


Tasks are logical grouping of operation-ids so that users can easily list all the operational-ids relevant to a particular aspect of Janssen Server configuration using --info switch. For instance, all the operation-ids related to attribute management are grouped under attribute task. As mentioned, tasks are logical groupings, they don't perform any operation on the server. Tasks can only be used with --info switch.

Execute following command to see what all tasks are offered by jans-cli:

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --help

Options listed for --info switch are tasks groups available. For example:

usage: [-h] [--host HOST] [--client-id CLIENT_ID] [--client-secret CLIENT_SECRET] [--access-token ACCESS_TOKEN] [--plugins PLUGINS]
                     [-debug] [--debug-log-file DEBUG_LOG_FILE] [--operation-id OPERATION_ID] [--url-suffix URL_SUFFIX]
                     [--info {AdminUiLicense,AdminUiPermission,AdminUiRole,AdminUiRolePermissionsMapping,AdminUiWebhooks,Agama,AgamaConfiguration,Attribute,AuthServerHealthCheck,AuthSessionManagement,CacheConfiguration,CacheConfigurationInMemory,CacheConfigurationMemcached,CacheConfigurationNativePersistence,CacheConfigurationRedis,ClientAuthorization,ConfigurationConfigApi,ConfigurationJwkJsonWebKeyJwk,ConfigurationLogging,ConfigurationProperties,ConfigurationSmtp,ConfigurationUserManagement,CustomScripts,DatabaseLdapConfiguration,DefaultAuthenticationMethod,Fido2Configuration,Fido2Registration,HealthCheck,JansLinkConfiguration,MessageConfiguration,MessageConfigurationPostgres,MessageConfigurationRedis,OauthOpenidConnectClients,OauthScopes,OauthUmaResources,OrganizationConfiguration,Plugins,SamlConfiguration,SamlIdentityBroker,SamlTrustRelationship,ScimConfigManagement,StatisticsUser}]
                     [--op-mode {get,post,put,patch,delete}] [--endpoint-args ENDPOINT_ARGS] [--schema SCHEMA] [-CC CONFIG_API_MTLS_CLIENT_CERT]
                     [-CK CONFIG_API_MTLS_CLIENT_KEY] [--key-password KEY_PASSWORD] [-noverify] [-use-test-client] [--patch-add PATCH_ADD]
                     [--patch-replace PATCH_REPLACE] [--patch-remove PATCH_REMOVE] [-no-color] [--log-dir LOG_DIR] [--tmp-dir TMP_DIR]
                     [-revoke-session] [-scim] [-auth] [--data DATA] [--output-access-token]

To see operation-id available under a task, execute the command below with the task name as an argument:

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --info Attribute

Above will list all the operations under Attribute group.

Operation ID: get-attributes
  Description: Gets a list of Jans attributes.
  limit: Search size - max size of the results to return [integer]
  pattern: Search pattern [string]
  status: Status of the attribute [string]
  startIndex: The 1-based index of the first query result [integer]
  sortBy: Attribute whose value will be used to order the returned response [string]
  sortOrder: Order in which the sortBy param is applied. Allowed values are "ascending" and "descending" [string]
  fieldValuePair: Field and value pair for seraching [string]
Operation ID: put-attributes
  Description: Updates an existing attribute
  Schema: JansAttribute
Operation ID: post-attributes
  Description: Adds a new attribute
  Schema: JansAttribute
Operation ID: get-attributes-by-inum
  Description: Gets an attribute based on inum
  inum: Attribute Id [string]
Operation ID: delete-attributes-by-inum
  Description: Deletes an attribute based on inum
  inum: Attribute Id [string]
Operation ID: patch-attributes-by-inum
  Description: Partially modify a JansAttribute
  inum: Attribute Id [string]
  Schema: Array of PatchRequest


jans-cli's unit of work, or a command, is known as operation-id. Each operation id is a configuration retrieval/update action on the Janssen Server. For example: get-attributes is an operation that Gets a list of Janssen Server attributes.

To perform any operation, you have to run command line with the operation id. For example:

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --operation-id get-acrs

It returns:

Getting access token for scope
  "defaultAcr": "simple_password_auth"

Certain operations need data to be able to execute while for others just the operation id is enough. For instance in above example get-acrs operation did not require any data to be passed and worked only with operation id. While operations like delete-attributes-by-inum, post-attributes need additional data to be able to execute. For example, for delete-attributes-by-inum to execute, it needs to know the inum of the attribute to be deleted.

For operations which need data the data elements are passed to the operation in form of parameters and/or schema. Operation description provided by --info switch details out what parameters and schemas are applicable to each operation.

Parameters allow simple string based values to be passed to the operation, while schema allows JSON structured data to be passed to the operation. For examples of how operations can be used with parameters and schema, refer to Attribute. Read more about schema in this detail section.

Basic command-line switches#

  1. -h or --help to get all the formations of command line argument (ex; /opt/jans/jans-cli/ -h)
  2. --info to get formations about some operations id for a specific task (ex; opt/jans/jans-cli/ --info User)
  3. --operation-id usage to operate each of the sub-task
  4. --endpoint-args advanced usage for operation-id
  5. --data usage to share data in operations

About Schemas#

Patch Request (schema)#

This schema file can be found in /components/schemas/PatchRequest for those which one support this operation.

When you examine this sample schema, you will see three properties in an object: op, path, and value.

  • op: operation to be done, one of add, remove, replace, move, copy, test
  • path: Path of the property to be changed. use path separator / for config or . for SCIM to change a property inside an object.
  • value: New value to be assigned for each property defined in path

Multiple Patch Request (schema)#

When we need to perform multiple patch operations on any configuration endpoint, Instead of doing one by one, we can create a json file including all individual operation into an array. To clarify, please see below json file:

        "op": "operation-name",
        "path": "configuration-path",
        "value": "Value"
        "op": "operation-name",
        "path": "configuration-path",
        "value": "value"
        "op": "operation-name",
        "path": "configuration-path",
        "value": "value"
        "op": "operation-name",
        "path": "configuration-path",
        "value": "value"

This file contains multiple individual patch operation. In Patch Request (schema) we explained about each of these keys in the above json file.

After creating the json file, just run the patch operation command.

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --operation-id [patch operation id name] --data [json file absolute url]

Quick Patch Operations#

There is another patch request feature. It is a single line patch-request command line. It supports three types of operations:

  • patch-replace: to replace value with new one.
  • patch-add: it will add value into the key path.
  • patch-remove: to remove value from any key path.

The command line looks like below:

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --operation-id [patch-operation-id] --[patch-operation-name] key:value

for example:

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --operation-id patch-config-cache --patch-replace memcachedConfiguration/bufferSize:32788

In this command line: - patch-config-cache is a operation-id from Cache Configurations task. - patch-replace type of operation; used to replace values in - memcachedConfiguration/bufferSize:32788 is a key:value pair

Multi valued arguments can be privede as key:value1,key:vlaue2, for example

/opt/jans/jans-cli/ --operation-id=get-config-scripts  --endpoint-args="fieldValuePair:scriptType=dynamic_scope,fieldValuePair:level=100"

Last update: 2024-02-14
Created: 2021-04-24