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OAuth Transaction Tokens

OAuth Transaction Tokens#

Background#

Transaction Tokens (Txn-Tokens) enable workloads in a trusted domain to ensure that user identity and authorization context of an external programmatic request, such as an API invocation, are preserved and available to all workloads that are invoked as part of processing such a request. Txn-Tokens also enable workloads within the trusted domain to optionally immutably assert to downstream workloads that they were invoked in the call chain of the request.

Txn-Tokens are short-lived, signed JWTs that assert the identity of a user or a workload and assert an authorization context. The authorization context provides information expected to remain constant during the execution of a call as it passes through multiple workloads.

Transaction Tokens spec

Transaction Token JWT#

Sample header

{
   "typ": "txn_token",
   "alg": "RS256",
   "kid": "identifier-to-key"
}

Sample payload

  • iss - a URN [RFC8141] that uniquely identifies the workload or the Txn-Token Service that created the Txn-Token.
  • iat - the time at which the Txn-Token was created.
  • aud - a URN [RFC8141] that uniquely identifies the audience of the Txn-Token. This MUST identify the trust domain in which the Txn-Token is used.
  • exp - the time at which the Txn-Token expires.
  • txn - the unique transaction identifier as defined in Section 2.2 of [RFC8417]. When used in the transaction token, it identifies the entire call chain.
  • purp - a string defining the purpose or intent of this transaction
  • sub - the unique identifier of the user or workload on whose behalf the call chain is being executed. The format of this claim MAY be a Subject Identifier.
  • azd - a JSON object that contains values that remain constant in the call chain.
  • rctx - a JSON object that describes the environmental context of the requested transaction.
{
  "aud": [
    "d60f21b7-b6dd-4140-b228-e6be099bc3ce",
    "http://trusted.com"
  ],
  "rctx": {
    "req_ip": "69.151.72.123"
  },
  "purp": "tx_token",
  "sub": "3245675432",
  "iss": "https://yuriyz-adjusted-coyote.gluu.info",
  "azd": {
    "client_id": "d60f21b7-b6dd-4140-b228-e6be099bc3ce"
  },
  "txn": "080c8f19-d9ee-4a26-852d-32e4fdc6ff6c",
  "exp": 1705054542,
  "iat": 1705054362
}

Transaction Token Obtain/Replace#

Transaction Tokens can be obtained at Token Endpoint

Sample request

POST /jans-auth/restv1/token HTTP/1.1
Host: yuriyz-adjusted-coyote.gluu.info
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

grant_type=tx_token&audience=http%3A%2F%2Ftrusted.com&subject_token=5fb696ac-638a-4dbf-81cd-27daeb61caf9&subject_token_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Atoken-type%3Aaccess_token&requested_token_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Atoken-type%3Atxn_token&rctx=%7B%22req_ip%22%3A%2269.151.72.123%22%7D

Sample response

HTTP/1.1 200
Cache-Control: no-store
Connection: Keep-Alive
Content-Length: 980
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2024 10:12:40 GMT
Keep-Alive: timeout=5, max=100
Pragma: no-cache
Set-Cookie: X-Correlation-Id=a348acce-d9c1-424a-af83-e4d75f7f3368; Secure; HttpOnly;HttpOnly
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Xss-Protection: 1; mode=block

{"access_token":"eyJraWQiOiJjb25uZWN0XzBlZGMxOTIyLTk1MjAtNDFkNi1iZGMyLTk3ZjdmYWMwMzRkMl9zaWdfcnMyNTYiLCJ0eXAiOiJqd3QiLCJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9.eyJhdWQiOlsiZDYwZjIxYjctYjZkZC00MTQwLWIyMjgtZTZiZTA5OWJjM2NlIiwiaHR0cDovL3RydXN0ZWQuY29tIl0sInJlcV9jdHgiOnsicmVxX2lwIjoiNjkuMTUxLjcyLjEyMyJ9LCJzdWJfaWQiOiIiLCJpc3MiOiJodHRwczovL3l1cml5ei1hZGp1c3RlZC1jb3lvdGUuZ2x1dS5pbmZvIiwiYXpkIjp7ImNsaWVudF9pZCI6ImQ2MGYyMWI3LWI2ZGQtNDE0MC1iMjI4LWU2YmUwOTliYzNjZSJ9LCJ0eG4iOiIwODBjOGYxOS1kOWVlLTRhMjYtODUyZC0zMmU0ZmRjNmZmNmMiLCJleHAiOjE3MDUwNTQ1NDIsImlhdCI6MTcwNTA1NDM2Mn0.fpPFZpzxitbLw71RgO3O8uSOHJARp16H2THO4YAimJKWiczSE8-DvUAqulEW2nCNN3PRdojXWCe4ipxPSr_0ugLSFWhFKdpLmQqec_udhcV-UWiuGPLfq0XeKte60ESSvj5jgpaBNaaGS2vmFeSLdGrAx1CY2EH06OYrttOrgFFGqMhLJJ1Cpacqa0vmXnHi9gbrS-FIf2_4nNkQKMitQ-m-ec-0J02RjgkEL9zrzFwYNAoE1HEIZNFBhh7GqBejH0cXnR2tBOOz66z83SLqMTAZ-WyaMxmITHGLGLmHZOGyHdiIYME1rLXalrK58XHesMFtB-gae10Ey6w1OIgiAg","issued_token_type":"urn:ietf:params:oauth:token-type:txn-token","token_type":"N_A"}

Decoded transaction token JWT

{
  "aud": [
    "d60f21b7-b6dd-4140-b228-e6be099bc3ce",
    "http://trusted.com"
  ],
  "rctx": {
    "req_ip": "69.151.72.123"
  },
  "purp": "tx_token",
  "sub_id": "",
  "iss": "https://yuriyz-adjusted-coyote.gluu.info",
  "azd": {
    "client_id": "d60f21b7-b6dd-4140-b228-e6be099bc3ce"
  },
  "txn": "080c8f19-d9ee-4a26-852d-32e4fdc6ff6c",
  "exp": 1705054542,
  "iat": 1705054362
}

Replacement looks exactly the same with one different that subject_token must have previously obtained transaction token (not regular access_token).

  • View full obtain execution log here
  • View full replace execution log here

References#

  • Transaction Tokens spec

Last update: 2024-05-14
Created: 2024-01-25