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Most useful configurations and operations on Jans server using CURL#

Configuring the Janssen server#

To use CURL commands and configure Janssen's Authorization server, you need to have an access token of "Config-API" (which is an RP of Jans-auth server). Configurations to the AS can be done only through "The Config-API client (RP)".

1. Obtaining an Access token#

All commands to configure the AS are protected by an Access token. According to the use case, you must specify the scope for which the access token has been requested. For the client_id and client_secret, contact your administrator.
Template:

curl -u "client_inum:client_secret" https://<your.jans.server>/jans-auth/restv1/token \
    -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=put_scope_name_here
Example: To modify a custom script, you need to request an access token using the scope scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/scripts.write
curl -u "put_client_id_here:put_config_api_client_secret_here" https://<your.jans.server>/jans-auth/restv1/token \
     -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/scripts.write" 


2. Enable an authentication script#

Steps: 1. Obtain a token, use scope https://jans.io/oauth/config/scripts.write

curl -u "put_client_id_here:put_config_api_client_secret_here" https://<your.jans.server>/jans-auth/restv1/token \
     -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/scripts.write" 
2. Enable the script
curl https://<your.jans.server>/jans-config-api/api/v1/config/scripts/name/name_of_the_script \ 
    -H "Authorization: Bearer put_access_token_here"
Examples of name_of_the_script ( Authentication methods that are present in the Janssen server.)

Name of the script
smpp
otp
duo
fido2
super_gluu
twilio_sms
smpp
otp
duo
fido2
super_gluu

3. Add scope to client#

  1. Obtain the pre-existing scopes of the client
    1. Obtain an Access Token with scope https://jans.io/oauth/config/openid/clients.readonly.
       curl -u "put_client_id_here:put_config_api_client_secret_here" https://<your.jans.server>/jans-auth/restv1/token \ 
            -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/openid/clients.readonly" 
      
  2. Obtain client information using:
     curl -X GET https://my.jans.server/jans-config-api/api/v1/openid/clients/client-s_inum_for_which_scope_to_be_added 
          -H "Authorization: Bearer put_access_token_here"
    
  3. Notice the scope field. It is a space-seperated String of scope values e.g "scope" : "openid user_name ". To this, lets append the profile, so the scope attrib should now have value "openid user_name profile"`. This new value will be patched onto the client.

  4. Patch the client

    1. Obtain an Access Token with scope https://jans.io/oauth/config/openid/clients.write
      curl -u "put_client_id_here:put_config_api_client_secret_here" https://<your.jans.server>/jans-auth/restv1/token \
               -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/openid/clients.write" 
      
    2. Patch the new scope for the client
      curl -X PATCH -k -H 'Content-Type: application/json-patch+json' \ 
               -i 'https://my.jans.server/jans-config-api/api/v1/openid/clients/put_client_inum_here' \ 
               -H "Authorization: Bearer put_access_token_here" --data '[
           {
          "op": "add",
          "path": "/scope",
          "value": "openid user_name profile"
           }
           ]'
      

4. Get grant_types for client#

  1. Obtain an Access Token with scope https://jans.io/oauth/config/openid/clients.readonly.
     curl -u "put_client_id:put_config_api_client_secret_here" https://<your.jans.server>/jans-auth/restv1/token \
          -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/openid/clients.readonly" 
    
  2. Obtain client information using:
     curl -X GET https://my.jans.server/jans-config-api/api/v1/openid/clients/client-s_inum_for_which_grant_types_to_check \ 
          -H "Authorization: Bearer put_access_token_here"
    
  3. Notice the grant_types field in the response.

5. Add OpenID scope and map to database attribute#

  1. Obtain access token
    curl -k -u "put_client_id:put_client_secret" https://jans-ui.jans.io/jans-auth/restv1/token \
         -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/scopes.write" 
    
  2. Build json on similar lines
    {
      "dn": "string",
      "inum": "string",
      "displayName": "string",
      "id": "string",
      "iconUrl": "string",
      "description": "string",
      "scopeType": "openid",
      "claims": [
        "string"
      ],
      "defaultScope": true,
      "groupClaims": true,
      "dynamicScopeScripts": [
        "string"
      ],
      "umaAuthorizationPolicies": [
        "string"
      ],
      "attributes": {
        "spontaneousClientId": "string",
        "spontaneousClientScopes": [
          "string"
        ],
        "showInConfigurationEndpoint": true
      },
      "umaType": false,
      "deletable": false,
      "expirationDate": "2022-07-26"
    }
    
  3. Run curl. Note the claims field which maps to the database attrib
    curl -k -X POST https://jans-ui.jans.io/jans-config-api/api/v1/scopes -H "Content-Type: application/json" 
         -H "Authorization: Bearer use_bearer_token_here"  --data '{
      "dn": "inum=AAC1,ou=scopes,o=jans",
      "inum": "AAC1",
      "displayName": "website",
      "id": "website",
        "description": "website",
      "scopeType": "openid",
      "claims": ["website"],
      "umaType": false,
      "deletable": false
    }'
    

Using the Janssen server#

1. OpenID Discovery endpoint / Well-known endpoint#

curl https://jans-ui.jans.io/.well-known/openid-configuration

2. Client creation#

Steps: 1. Download this json file, update the values and save it as client.json.
Few important fields to populate are scope,responseTypes,redirectUris (The only mandatory field), grantTypes 1. Run curl command

curl -X POST https://my.jans.server/jans-auth/restv1/register \ 
     -H "Content-Type: application/json"  -d @/some/directory/client.json

Further reading

2. Client Credentials Flow#

curl -k -u "put_client_id:put_client_secret" https://jans-ui.jans.io/jans-auth/restv1/token \ 
      -d  "grant_type=client_credentials&scope=https://jans.io/oauth/config/scopes.write" 

3. Authorization code flow#

Steps: 1. On a browser type https://my.jans.server/jans-auth/restv1/authorize?redirect_uri=https://my-redirect-app:8080&client_id=Put_client_id_here&scope=username+openid&response_type=code 2. Based on the default authentication method set, the user will be presented with credentials for login. The OpenID Provider (Gluu Server) verifies the user’s identity and authenticates the user. 3. In the back channel the following steps take place : 1. The OpenID Provider (Gluu Server) sends the user back to the application with an authorization code. 2. The application sends the code to the Token Endpoint to receive an Access Token and ID Token in the response. 3. The application uses the ID Token to authorize the user. At this point the application/RP can access the UserInfo endpoint for claims.

4. Device Authorization code flow#

  1. Client_id that is used in the curl command below should have grant_type urn:ietf:params:oauth:grant-type:device_code
  2. Call the Device Authorization Endpoint :
    curl -k -u "client_id_here:client_secret_here" https://jans-ui.jans.io/jans-auth/restv1/device_authorization \
         -d  scope=openid+profile+email+offline_access" 
    
  3. Response recieved will be like this
    {
      "user_code": "HJDN-BMHQ",
      "device_code": "b8a5e5e6b1c10506af4f4bbb5400ca2587dcfe44974d7e62",
      "interval": 5,
      "verification_uri_complete": "https://jans-ui.jans.io/device-code?user_code=HJDN-BMHQ",
      "verification_uri": "https://jans-ui.jans.io/device-code",
      "expires_in": 1800
    }
    
  4. User should visit the verification_uri link on a browser and enter the user_code.
  5. Until the user to activates the device, begin polling token URL to request an Access Token. Use interval from step 2 as the polling interval.
    curl -k -u "client_id:put_client_secret" https://jans-ui.jans.io/jans-auth/restv1/token \
         -d "grant_type=client_credentials&grant_type=urn:ietf:params:oauth:grant-type:device_code&device_code=YOUR_DEVICE_CODE&client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID" 
    

Last update: 2022-09-27
Created: 2022-07-21